what is divergence

Investors may conclude that the lower lows in the stock price are losing their downward momentum and a trend reversal may soon follow. Divergence is when the price of an asset is moving in the opposite direction https://1investing.in/ of a technical indicator, such as an oscillator, or is moving contrary to other data. Divergence warns that the current price trend may be weakening, and in some cases may lead to the price changing direction.

If MACD is below its signal line, the histogram will be below the MACD’s baseline. Traders use the MACD’s histogram to identify when bullish or bearish momentum is high—and possibly for overbought/oversold signals. A nine-day EMA of the MACD line is called the signal line, which is then plotted on top of the MACD line, which can function as a trigger for buy or sell signals. Traders may buy the security when the MACD line crosses above the signal line and sell—or short—the security when the MACD line crosses below the signal line. MACD indicators can be interpreted in several ways, but the more common methods are crossovers, divergences, and rapid rises/falls.

  • At the core, asset prices move in a series of higher highs and higher lows when we’re developing an uptrend.
  • Divergence only exists if the SLOPE of the line connecting the indicator tops/bottoms DIFFERS from the SLOPE of the line connection price tops/bottoms.
  • As you can see, price made a lower low, while the indicator made a higher low.

Conversely, class A bullish divergences happen when prices plummet to a new low as the oscillator reaches a higher bottom than during its previous decline. They are considered reliable signals of an approaching strong rally (short-term sharp upward price move). Positive divergence happens when the price of a security makes a new low while the plotted indicator starts to climb.

Dual Momentum Trading Strategy (Gary Antonacci)

Divergence is a strategy used in technical analysis that occurs when the asset price moves away from a technical indicator. Divergence signals that the current price trend is weakening and that a reversal may ensue. A negative divergence occurs when an asset’s price is in an uptrend while the indicator is moving lower. Conversely, positive divergence happens when the price is in a downtrend, but the oscillator is moving higher.

  • Follow these rules, and you will dramatically increase the chances of a divergence setup leading to a profitable trade.
  • This type of positive divergence can be an early sign that the underlying security price may be reversing.
  • The highs or lows you identify on the indicator MUST be the ones that line up VERTICALLY with the price highs or lows.
  • An exponentially weighted moving average reacts more significantly to recent price changes than a simple moving average (SMA), which applies an equal weight to all observations in the period.
  • Therefore, momentum is useful in active trends, but it is not useful in range conditions in which price swings are limited and variable, as shown in Figure 4.
  • It is a local measure of its “outgoingness” – the extent to which there are more of the field vectors exiting from an infinitesimal region of space than entering it.

You should use any trend indicator like the moving average to know the primary trend and get confirmation from divergence to enter a trade. This article will present a clear-cut way of identifying bullish and bearish divergence setups on the charts. After forming the higher low on the price chart, the prevailing trend resumes and moves to new highs. The price is making a new lower low compared to the previous swing low point on the price chart. At the same time, the RSI indicator prints a higher low relative to the previous low. In contrast, the money flow index (MFI) is an alternative to identify hidden divergence.

Interpretation of the Divergence

At the core, asset prices move in a series of higher highs and higher lows when we’re developing an uptrend. Conversely, when we’re developing a downtrend, asset prices move in a series of lower lows and lower highs. Momentum is positive if today’s price is higher than the price of X days ago, negative if today’s price is lower and at zero if today’s price is the same. So you’ve connected either two tops or two bottoms with a trend line.

Such tools include the Fibonacci retracement tools, which are able to detect the exact pullback levels and match them with the higher lows formed by the price bars/candles. In summary, traders need to know that regular divergence signals a trend reversal, while at the same time, the hidden divergence signals a trend continuation. Class A bearish divergences occur when prices rise to a new high but the oscillator can only muster a high that is lower than exhibited on a previous rally.

Reproductive strategies and their consequences for divergence … – Nature.com

Reproductive strategies and their consequences for divergence ….

Posted: Tue, 12 Sep 2023 08:44:47 GMT [source]

Any closed surface in the gas will enclose gas which is expanding, so there will be an outward flux of gas through the surface. There will be more room for gas particles in any volume, so the external pressure of the fluid will cause a net flow of gas volume inward through any closed surface. In contrast, in a gas at a constant temperature and pressure, the net flux of gas out of any closed surface is zero. The gas may be moving, but the volume rate of gas flowing into any closed surface must equal the volume rate flowing out, so the net flux is zero. A field which has zero divergence everywhere is called solenoidal. Hidden divergence happens when a momentum indicator and underlying asset price move in the opposite direction.

Heikin Ashi Trading Strategy: A Powerful Tool for Trader

The skill of a professional trader lies in their ability to implement the correct strategy for price action. Price swings are not always easy to evaluate with the naked eye because the price can be choppy. Momentum indicators are commonly used to smooth out the price action and give a clearer picture. They allow the trader to compare the indicator swings to price swings, rather than having to compare price to price. The magnitude of price momentum is measured by the length of short-term price swings. The beginning and end of each swing are established by structural price pivots, which form swing highs and lows.

By using two or three indicators simultaneously, traders may form a more robust strategy to trade. To find signs of hidden divergence and the possible continuation of a trend, you first need to make use of a momentum oscillator to identify that a trend is going on. After this, you should look for a trend consolidation period where hidden divergence patterns can appear. The instances of the divergence trades that you have been shown are overt divergence setups.

Divergences on shorter time frames will occur more frequently but are less reliable. Divergence only exists if the SLOPE of the line connecting the indicator tops/bottoms DIFFERS from the SLOPE of the line connection price tops/bottoms. Some indicators such as MACD or Stochastic have multiple lines all up on each other like teenagers with raging hormones. Once you see two swing highs are established, you connect the TOPS. If you see any little bumps or dips between the two major highs/lows, do what you do when your significant other shouts at you – ignore it. The information and publications are not meant to be, and do not constitute, financial, investment, trading, or other types of advice or recommendations supplied or endorsed by TradingView.

This is an important signal to look for when locking in your profits from long positions or tightening your protective stops. If prices hit a new high but momentum or RoC reaches a lower top, a bearish divergence has occurred, which is a strong sell signal. Divergence is often seen as an important signal for traders and investors, as accruals definition it may indicate a potential change in the trend of the asset. As divergence is not present for all price reversals and can occur over extended periods, it is not recommended that it be relied on as a standalone indicator. Instead, it is vital to complement divergence with other technical analysis methods to confirm trading signals.


The relative strength index (RSI) aims to signal whether a market is considered to be overbought or oversold in relation to recent price levels. The RSI is an oscillator that calculates average price gains and losses over a given period of time. The default time period is 14 periods with values bounded from 0 to 100.

For example, positive divergence occurs when a stock is nearing a low but its indicators start to rally. This would be a sign of trend reversal, potentially opening up an entry opportunity for the trader. On the other hand, negative divergence happens when prices go higher while the indicator signals a new low.

what is divergence

Don’t even bother looking at an indicator unless ONE of these four price scenarios has occurred. Remember, to be consistently profitable is to pick the right strategy for what the price is doing, not what you think the price will do. MACD is calculated by subtracting the long-term EMA (26 periods) from the short-term EMA (12 periods).

When comparing indicators to use when identifying divergence, it’s important to consider the strengths and weaknesses of each indicator, as well as how they complement each other. Traders should also consider the asset being traded and the timeframe being used, as certain indicators may be more effective for specific assets or timeframes. Convergence occurs because the market won’t allow something to trade for two prices simultaneously.

Class A bearish divergences often signal a sharp and significant reversal toward a downtrend. Class A bullish divergences occur when prices reach a new low but an oscillator reaches a higher bottom than it reached during its previous decline. Class A bullish divergences are often the best signals of an impending sharp rally.

This type of divergence occurs when the price is making a higher swing high while the indicator is making a lower high. It occurs mostly when the price has been in an uptrend for a long time, and it gives a bearish reversal signal. Trend following traders are better off focusing on identifying hidden divergence as this will help them ride the overall market trend. Because the hidden divergence is a trend continuation signal, out of the two types of divergence, the hidden divergence carries a higher rate of success. Traders can look for long positions if they spot regular or hidden RSI bullish divergence. On the other hand, traders can look for sell positions if they spot regular or hidden RSI bearish divergence.

The highs or lows you identify on the indicator MUST be the ones that line up VERTICALLY with the price highs or lows. If you draw a line connecting two highs on price, you MUST draw a line connecting the two highs on the indicator as well. Start a free trial and see first hand why TrendSpider is the fastest growing trading platform on the market. Divergence can have significant implications for trade management.

Conversely, when MACD rises above the signal line, the signal is bullish, suggesting that the price of the asset might experience upward momentum. Some traders wait for a confirmed cross above the signal line before entering a position to reduce the chances of being faked out and entering a position too early. Furthermore, false positive divergences often occur when the price of an asset moves sideways in a consolidation, such as in a range or triangle pattern following a trend. Again, double-check the ADX to determine whether a trend is in place and also look at what price is doing before acting. Divergence in an uptrend occurs when price makes a higher high but the indicator does not.

One of the main problems with a moving average divergence is that it can often signal a possible reversal, but then no actual reversal happens—it produces a false positive. The other problem is that divergence doesn’t forecast all reversals. In other words, it predicts too many reversals that don’t occur and not enough real price reversals. The MACD lines, however, do not have concrete overbought/oversold levels like the RSI and other oscillator studies. That’s to say an investor or trader should focus on the level and direction of the MACD/signal lines compared with preceding price movements in the security at hand, as shown below. Moving average convergence/divergence (MACD, or MAC-D) is a trend-following momentum indicator that shows the relationship between two exponential moving averages (EMAs) of a security’s price.

Other ways you can use divergence in trading

Although expressed in terms of coordinates, the result is invariant under rotations, as the physical interpretation suggests. This is because the trace of the Jacobian matrix of an N-dimensional vector field F in N-dimensional space is invariant under any invertible linear transformation. A vector field with zero divergence everywhere is called solenoidal – in which case any closed surface has no net flux across it. Here is an example of hidden divergence identified with a stochastic oscillator. Join thousands of traders who choose a mobile-first broker for trading the markets. From beginners to experts, all traders need to know a wide range of technical terms.

Divergence generally means two things are moving apart while convergence implies that two forces are moving together. In the world of economics, finance, and trading, divergence and convergence are terms used to describe the directional relationship of two trends, prices, or indicators. But as the general definitions imply, these two terms refer to how these relationships move. Divergence indicates that two trends move further away from each other while convergence indicates how they move closer together.

The hidden divergence doesn’t differ that much from the regular divergence. For a hidden divergence to happen, we need to see a mismatch between the price and the technical indicator similar to regular divergence. Conversely, the regular bearish divergence is an early sign that the prevailing uptrend is about to change direction and turn to the downside. Regular bullish divergence happens when we have a disagreement between prices that are falling (making lower lows) and a technical indicator that is rising (making higher lows). Divergent oscillators are powerful leading indicators that guide the trader on not only the market’s future direction but also its speed. When combined with demonstrable divergences, momentum and RoC can precisely ascertain near the moment a market shifts direction.

Regular bearish divergence happens when we have a disagreement between prices that are rising (making higher highs) and a technical indicator that is falling (making lower highs). The regular bullish divergence is an early sign that the prevailing downtrend will change direction and turn to the upside. While both divergence and hidden divergence can be useful indicators of potential trend reversals or continuations, they have different implications for traders. Divergences that indicate a reverse can be either negative or positive.